International Journal of Modern Science and Technology
February 2019, Vol. 4, No. 2, pp 48-53.
Polyurethane Foam Production using Sunflower oil and Soybean oil as Polyol and Surfactant
E. I. Victor¹*, J. O. Okechukwu², M. A. Femi², O. M. Ogbonneya³
¹Production Department, Exotic Foam and Chemical Limited, Nkpor, Anambra State, Nigeria.
²Department of Chemistry, Modibbo Adamawa University of Technology, Yola, Adamawa State, Nigeria.
³Holy Rosary College, Okposi, Ebonyi State, Nigeria.
*Corresponding author’s e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
In recent times, vegetable oils have shown promising characteristics in the replacement of petroleum-based chemicals. This is very attracting because they are inexpensive, readily available and most importantly renewable in nature hence reducing environmental pollution and degradation. Sunflower oil and soybean oil were blended with polyol and silicone oil in different percentages and were used to produce samples of flexible polyurethane foam as a partial replacement for polyol and silicone oil respectively. Physico-mechanical tests carried out on the various samples revealed that foam made with 15% soybean oil and 10% sunflower oil had outstanding properties which are very similar to a control sample (S0) made with only silicone oil and polyol respectively.
Keywords: Flexible foam; Vegetable oil; Sunflower oil; Soybean oil; Elongation at break point; compression set.
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