December 2018, Vol. 3, No. 12, pp. 269-276.
Extraction and Characterization of Ethiopian Pineapple Leaf Fiber
Gemeda Gebino, Nuredin Muhammed
Textile Chemistry Research and Innovation Centre, Ethiopian Institute of Textile and Fashion Technology, Bahir Dar University, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia..
*Corresponding author’s e-mail: email@example.com
Natural fibers particularly pineapple leaf fiber (PALF) plays important role in the uprising world industry. This fiber is extracted from the leaves of pineapple plant. Pineapple is cultivated for local consumption in Ethiopia within the regions. The pineapple leaves produce agro waste that cause problems for its disposal. This waste can be used as a raw material for value added processing contributing to maintain an ecological balance in nature. This study investigates simple methods of extracting fibres from its leaves. The method of extraction is Scrapping, retting and decorticating methods. The leaves are processed to explore practical utilization of the fibres. The pineapple leaf fiber yielded between 2.5-3%. Under this study the fibers physical and mechanical structure (morphology and molecular structures) are analyzed through different instrument.
Keywords: Pineapple leaf fiber; Extraction; Retting; Cultivation.
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