ISSN 2456-0235

International Journal of Modern Science and Technology

INDEXED IN 

​​August 2021, Vol. 6, No. 8, pp. 130-133. 

​​Underground cable fault detection using IOT

G. Gokul Raj, S. Sasikumar*, A. Sounthar, I. Yokeshwaran, P.A. Gowrishankar
Department of Electrical And Electronic Engineering, Knowledge Institute Of Technology, Salem, Tamilnadu, India.

​​*Corresponding author’s e-mail:sasikumar3136150@gmail.com

Abstract

In the present work, the main objective is to find out the location of fault occurred in Underground cable of single phase AC line. The components used to find the fault in Underground cable are Current sensor, PIC Microcontroller, LCD, Relay, IOT. The current sensor is connected in series with the phase line of Underground cable. It works on the principle of Electro Magnetic Flux. The current sensor will monitor the voltage value of the phase line. The output of the current sensor is interfaced with the PIC Microcontroller. The LCD will display both input and output (voltage & current) value through the microcontroller. If any fault occurs in the phase line, the relay will trip the circuit by using PIC Microcontroller. The IOT intimate the user through PIC Microcontroller.

Keywords: PIC Microcontroller; Current sensor; Internet of things; Liquid crystal display; Power Relay.

References

  1. Sidhu TS, Xu Z. Detection of incipient faults in distribution underground cables. IEEE Trans Power Deliv. 2010;25:1363-1371.
  2. Jiang JA, Chuang CL, Wang YC, Hung CH, Wang JY, Lee CH, Hsiao YT. A hybrid frame work for fault detection, classification, and location part II: implementation and test results. IEEE Trans Power Deliv. 2011;26: 1999 - 2008.
  3. Kalia RR, Abrol P. Design and implementation of wireless live wire fault detector and protection in remote areas. International Journal of Computer Applications 2014;97;14-20.
  4. Darvhankar GS, Gharpande AS, Bhoe SD, Meshram AS, Bobade JA.  Study of 3-ph underground cable fault locator using acoustic method. International Journal of Advance Engineering and Research Development 2015;2(1):124-8.
  5. Paul M, Kakoti RK. Underground cable fault locator. IARJSET  2016;3(9):79-81.
  6. Priyanka R, Priya B. Underground Cable Fault Detection. 2016;3:235-7.
  7. Parikh KY, Kumar B, Raval V. GSM based underground cable fault distance locator. International Journal for Scientific Research and Development 2018;6(4):1174-6.
  8. Abhishek G, Vikas K, Rahul S, Rajkumar M, Rakesh C, Ravit Kumar, Distance calculation for underground cable fault. International Journal of Engineering and Management Research 2016;6(2):243-7.
  9. Himanshu K. Fault Detection System of Underground Cables. International Journal of Innovative Technology and Exploring Engineering 2019;8(12S):-121-22.
  10. Gupta A. Distance calculation for underground cable fault. IJEMR 2020;6(2):243-47.