December 2020, Vol. 5, No. 12, pp. 284-289.
Design and Fabrication of Maize Sheller
Ogundana O S¹, Adegbulu A², Ayodele A², Okoh P², Owa Taiwo Wumi³
¹Department of Agricultural Technology, Engineering Centre, Farm Mechanization Unit, Federal College of Freshwater Fisheries Technology, P. M. B. 1500, New Bussa, Nigeria.
² Department of Agricultural Engineering, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria.
³Ondo State Fadama Coordination Office, Alagbaka, P.M.B 755 Akure, Nigeria.
*Corresponding author’s e-mail:firstname.lastname@example.org
Maize (Zea mays L.) is one of the most important cereal crops in the world agricultural economy. It is originated from Mexico several thousand years back, even before Columbus landed in South America. In Nigeria, Corn is one of the most important crops and it has a source of a large number of industrial products besides its use as human food and animal feed. The processing of agricultural product into quality forms not only prolongs the useful life of these products but also increases the net profit farmers make from such products. In this work, a simple commercial Maize Sheller was designed and fabricated to solve the problem of associated with shelling maize. Performance test carried out on Maize Sheller showed that the speed of 800 rpm was very effective in shelling compared with other speed of 600 rpm and 1000 rpm used for test. The shelling efficiency is 94.12% and a cleaning efficiency is 97.43%. The machine is simple to operate and maintain.
Keywords: Sheller; Threshing; Maize; Design; Processing.