ISSN 2456-0235

​​​​​​​​​​​​March 2018, Vol. 3, No. 3, pp 47-52. 

​​Development of Non-woven Composite Materials made from Reclaimed Cotton/Polyester and Polypropylene Fiber

S. Sakthivel, Eyasu Ferede, Aron Mulat, Selamu Temesgen
Department of Textile Engineering, Kombolcha Institute of Technology, Wollo University, Kombolcha, Ethiopia-208.
​​*Corresponding author’s e-mail:


Reclaimed fibers are generally used in dissimilar applications and one of the most important applications is to develop and advance technology for new automobile products. Reclaimed fiber non-woven composites, currently, are in greater demands in industries because of their advantages such as low cost, biodegradability, acceptable mechanical & physical properties and so on. Reclaimed fiber has been identified as a recyclable source for industrial wastes.  Renewable and eco-friendly nonwoven composites have been developed using reclaimed cotton, polyester and polypropylene fibers.  The present research was focused to investigate on optimizing the manufacturing techniques and testing of both air-laid non-woven, and melt-blended reclaimed composite materials. To form the composites, two methods of bonding were used such as air-laid non-woven and melt-blend technology. Each series of experimentation was to be combined with specific amount of copolymer chemical agent, the recycled post-industrial polypropylene powder, and reclaimed fiber. The reclaimed fiber non-woven composites are characterized for their physical properties such as dimensional stability performance and the mechanical properties, like internal bond, static bonding and tensile stress can be tested in accordance with ASTM standard. The results revealed that physical properties can be determined for both conditions like 24 hrs soak and 2 hrs boil. The physical properties like thickness, water absorption and linear expansion can be analyzing separately the air laid materials have more properties than the melt extrusion. The air- laid and melt- bond has deviation likewise coupling agent can change the properties.

Keywords: Reclaimed fiber; Composites; coupling agent; Melt-blend; Air-laid non-woven composites.


  1. Zent Z, Long JT. Automotive sound absorbing material survey results. SAE Technical Paper, 2007.
  2. Arbelaiz A, Fernandez B, Cantero G, Llano-Ponte R, Valea A, Mondragon I.  Mechanical properties of flax fibre/polypropylene composites. Influence of fibre/matrix modification and glass fibre hybridization. Applied Science and Manufacturing. 2005;36:1637-1644.
  3. Carvalho R, Rana S, Fangueiro R, Soutinho F. Noise reduction performance of thermobonded nonwovens, 12th World Textile Conference, Carotia: 2012.
  4. Govardhan G, Rao RN. Effect of fibre content and alkali treatment on mechanical properties of Roystonea regia-reinforced epoxy partially Biodegradable composites. Bulletin of Materials Science. 2011;34:1575-1581.
  5. Ioan C, Mariana DS, Camelia C, Vasile O.  Assessment of acoustic properties of biodegradable composite material with textile inserts. Material Plastic. 2012;49:68-72.
  6. Koizumi T, Tsujiuchi N, Adachi A. The development of sound Absorbing materials using natural bamboo fibers. High performance structure and composites. WIT Press, Southampton; UK: 2002.
  7. Kozłowski R, Mieleniak B, Muzyczek M, Mańkowski J. Development of Insulation Composite Based on FR Bast Fibers and Wool. International Conference on Flax and Other Bast Plants, Austria: 2008.
  8. Stanciu MD, Curtu I, Cosereanu C, Lica C, Nastac S. Research regarding Acoustical properties of recycled composites. 8th International DAAAM Baltic Conference. Tallinn, Estonia: 2012.
  9. Stanton Greer D, Walter L, Bradley, Danny N, Ryan JV. More sustainable Non-woven fabric composites for automotive using coir (coconut) fibers. International conference of Sydney. 2010.
  10. Chand S, Bhat GS, Spruiell JE, Malkan S. Structure and properties of polypropylene fibers during thermal bonding. Indian Textile Journal. 2000;9:52-59.
  11. Sengupta S. Sound reduction by needle-punched nonwoven fabrics. Indian journal of Fiber and Textile Research. 2010;35:237-242.
  12. Teli MD, Pal A, Roy D. Efficacy of nonwoven materials as sound insulator. Indian Journal of Fiber and Textile Research. 2007;32:2020-206.
  13. Yang TL, Chiang DM, Chen R. Development of a novel porous laminated composite material for high sound absorption. J Vib Contr. 2001;7(5):675-678.
  14. Lee Y, Joo C. Sound absorption properties of recycled polyester fibrous assembly absorbers. Autex Research Journal. 2003;3(2):78-84.
  15. Wang CN, Torng JH. Experimental study of the absorption characteristics of some porous fibrous materials. Appl Acoust. 2001;62:447-459.
  16. Verma BB. Continuous jute fiber reinforced laminated paper composite and reinforcement-fiber free paper laminate. Bull Mater  Sci. 2009;32:589-595.
  17. Sata U, Wilusz E, Mlynarek S, Coimbatore G, Kendall R, Ramkumar SR. Development of cotton nonwoven composite fabric for toxic chemical decontamination and characterization of its adsorption capabilities. Journal of Engineered Fibers and Fabrics. 2013;8:94-106.
  18. Cholachagudda VV, Udayakumar PA, Ramalingaiah. Mechanical characterization of Coir and rice husk reinforced Hybrid polymer composite. International Journal of Innovative research in science, Engineering and Technology. 2013;2(8):3779-3786.
  19. Mirjalili SA, Mohammad-Shahi M. Investigation on the Acoustic Characteristics of Multi-Layer Nonwoven Structures, Part 1-Multi-Layer Nonwoven Structures with the Simple Configuration. Fibres and Textiles in Eastern Europe.  2012;20:73-77.
  20. Sagartzazu X, Hervella-Nieto L, Pagalday JM. Review in Sound Absorbing Materials. 2008;15:311-342.
  21. Olynyk D, Northwood TD. Comparison of Reverberation-room and Impedance-tube Absorption Measurements. The Journal of Acoustical Society of America. 1964;36:2171-2174.
  22. Murugan D, Varughese S, Swaminathan D. Recycled polyolefin based plastic wastes for sound absorption. Polym Plast Technol Eng. 2006;45(7):885-888.
  23. Ren M, Jacobsen F. A method of measuring the dynamic flow resistance and reactance of porous materials. Applied Acoustics. 1993;39:265-276.

International Journal of Modern Science and Technology