International Journal of Modern Science and Technology
February 2018, Vol. 3, No 2, pp 33-40.
Influence of Process conditions on Tensile Properties of Chicken Feather Fibre Reinforced with Polypropylene Composite Board
K. Saravanan, R. Gobinath, D.V. Saranya, V. Shanmugapriya, N. Mekala
Department of Fashion Technology, Bannari Amman Institute of Technology, Sathyamangalam 638 401. Tamil Nadu, India.
*Corresponding author’s e-mail: email@example.com
Chicken feather fibre reinforced composite board was manufactured through the stacking technique using the compression moulding machine.The aim of the research work is to use cheap and profuse chicken feather fibre, to investigate and optimize the process variables related to the tensile strength of chicken feather fibre reinforced with polypropylene composite board. The composites were produced according to a central composite design, proposed by Box and Behnken with three independent variables namely, pressure, temperature and time at three levels each. The effect of temperature, pressure and time with respect to the tensile strength property of chicken feather fibre composite has been analyzed and Minitab 15 version software used to optimize the process variables. The composite boards were subjected to tensile strength tests and the fractured surfaces were observed under scanning electron microscope as declared. The scanning electron microscope photographs of the fractured surfaces of the composite board showed diverse extents of fibre pull-outs under tensile failure form. The best tensile properties were observed if the composite board is manufactured using high temperature (185°C) and pressure (15 bar). For tensile strength the time doesn’t play a significant role. The actual values of tensile strength are in good concurrence with predicted values, the correlation coefficient is found to be 96%.
Keywords: Chicken feather fibre; Polypropylene; Box-Behnken method; Compression moulded composite; Tensile strength.
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