ISSN 2456-0235

International Journal of Modern Science and Technology


​​​​​International Journal of Modern Science and Technology, Vol. 2, No. 6, 2017, Pages 234-237.


Influence of System of Education on Cross-Border Secondary Education: A Case of Kenya and Uganda  

V. O. Makanda*, J. N. Kindiki, J. O. Jowi
Department of Education, Moi University, Kenya.
​​*Corresponding author’s e-mail:

In East Africa, students have been crossing over to Uganda for secondary education in recent years at an alarming rate making Kenya lose billions of shilling in terms of costs. This is particularly evidenced in Busia border where there has been cross border secondary education going on with, mostly, Kenyan students crossing over to Ugandan side to access education.  This has been going on despite government attempts to restructure the 8-4-4 curriculum by reducing the subjects from 35 to 7 examinable ones from 2003 at Form Four level.  Equally, the government has attempted to increase access by introducing free secondary education and improved financing through CDF, infrastructure, pockets of poverty, laboratory funds, CBF among others but still, Kenyan students are crossing over to Uganda at Busia Border for Secondary education with very few Ugandans crossing to Kenya. Globally, Cross-border education has been known to be taking place at higher education levels between countries and ones but not to a comparable extent at primary and secondary school levels.  The developing countries have broad acceptance that Cross-Border Higher Education (CBHE) can provide much-needed quality education in professional disciplines and emerging specialization and to an extent address, in some countries, the problem of access.  Therefore, there was an urgent need to establish the socio-economic determining factors which had in effect promoted cross-border secondary education particularly from Kenya to Uganda and why this was so. In this study, systems of education have been considered. 

​​Keywords: Influence; Kenya; Education System; Uganda; Cross-Border.


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