International Journal of Modern Science and Technology
International Journal of Modern Science and Technology, 1(7), 2016, Pages 257-263.
Promoting Effect of Third Metal (M = Ni, Mo and Rh) on Pd–Ir Binary Alloy Catalysts in Membraneless Sodium Perborate Fuel Cells
K. Vijayaramalingam1, S. Kiruthika2, B. Muthukumaran1
1 Department of Chemistry, Presidency College, Chennai – 600 005, India.
2 Department of Chemical Engineering, SRM University, Chennai – 603 203, India.
The fabrication, characterization and performance of Pd–Ir–M (M = Ni, Mo and Rh) electrocatalysts supported on carbon leading to enhancement of the electrocatalytic oxidation of sodium perborate is presented. The combination of monometallic Pd/C, bimetallic Pd–Ir/C and tri-metallic Pd–Ir–Ni/C, Pd–Ir–Mo/C and Pd–Ir–Rh/C electrocatalysts were prepared by the ultrasonic-assisted chemical reduction method. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), energy dispersive X-Ray spectroscopy (EDX) and X-Ray diffraction (XRD) were used for the catalyst characterization. The prepared catalysts had similar particle morphology and their particle sizes were 3-5 nm. The EDX results of the binary Pd–Ir/C and the ternary Pd–Ir–Ni/C, Pd–Ir–Mo/C and Pd–Ir–Rh/C catalysts were extremely close to the nominal values, indicating that the metals were loaded onto the carbon support without any obvious loss. The electrocatalytic activities of the catalysts were investigated in half-cell experiments using cyclic voltammetry (CV), CO stripping voltammetry and chronoamperometry (CA). The electrochemical results obtained at room temperature showed that the tri-metallic Pd–Ir–M (M = Ni, Mo and Rh) electrocatalysts displayed better catalytic activity toward sodium perborate oxidation compared to the other catalysts. In this study, the carbon-supported binary Pd−Ir/C and ternary Pd−Ir−M/C (M = Ni, Mo and Rh) anode catalysts were successfully tested in a single membraneless fuel cell using 0.15 M sodium perborate as the fuel and 0.1 M sodium perborate as the oxidant with 0.5 M H2SO4 as the electrolyte respectively. Based on the experimental results, we conclude that the Pd−Ir−Ni/C demonstrates superior sodium perborate electro-oxidation than Pd−Ir−Mo/C, Pd−Ir−Rh/C, Pd−Ir/C and Pd/C.
Keywords: Electrocatalysts; Fabrication; Characterization; Ultrasonication; Membraneless fuel cell.
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